# Apocalypse When? Calculating How Long the Human Race Will by Willard Wells

By Willard Wells

This booklet could be a key trailblazer in a brand new and upcoming box. The author’s predictive procedure is determined by uncomplicated and intuitive chance formulations that would attract readers with a modest wisdom of astronomy, arithmetic, and statistics. Wells’ rigorously erected conception stands on a certain footing and hence may still function the foundation of many rational predictions of survival within the face of average mess ups akin to hits by way of asteroids or comets within the coming years. Any formulation for predicting human survival will invite controversy. Dr Wells counters expected feedback with a radical process within which 4 traces of reasoning are used to reach on the similar survival formulation. One makes use of empirical survival facts for enterprise corporations and level indicates. one other is predicated on uncertainty of threat charges. The 3rd, extra summary, invokes Laplace’s precept of inadequate cause and comprises an observer’s random arrival within the life of the entity (the human race) in query. The fourth makes use of Bayesian conception.

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**Extra resources for Apocalypse When? Calculating How Long the Human Race Will Survive **

**Example text**

1 2 3 1 X0 1/6 X1 2 X2 X0 1/6 3 X2 1/6 X0 Prize prob'ty 0 2/3 1/3 When you choose Box 3, that invokes the coin flip, which eliminates the two cells labeled X1. When the host opens Box 1, that eliminates the four remaining cells labeled X2 in the Box 1 columns. Six equally likely combinations remain, which are labeled with their probability 1/6. Total the columns to find the prize probabilities at the bottom right. Note that this argument ends by applying the principle of indifference to the final six possibilities, but this is a sophisticated application of the principle unlike the simplistic one at the outset.

If you roll a fair die, the probability of getting a 5 or a 6 is 1/6 1/6 1/3 because these two faces comprise a third of all six possibilities. This is an example of the sum rule, which states that the probability of either outcome A or outcome B is the sum of their separate probabilities (Prob(A) Prob(B)). Likewise, for three possible outcomes, Prob(A, B, OR C) Prob(A) + Prob(B) + Prob(C). ) In general, you add the probabilities of outcomes to which you are indierent. If you ¯ip a coin and roll a die, the probability of getting both six and tails is 1/6 times 1/2 1/12.

Many later formulas in this treatise are mere modi®cations and generalizations of this main equation. It applies to our two microcosms and by inference to the human race. However, parameter J diers from one entity to another. It diers not only among broad classes such as stage production and business ®rms, but also among categories such as service ®rms and manufacturing. It is tempting to interpret J as a gestation period. Since T is measured from birth, negative T represents the prenatal period during which hazards can cause miscar- Formulation 13 riage.