By Susan Nance
The concept that of 'modernity' is relevant to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this question via an intensive reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, remodeled the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory alternate and zoo captive right into a distracting overseas big name. electorate on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast while he died in an business twist of fate and his is still have been absorbed by means of the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human challenge' of recent residing, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required by means of glossy consumerism.
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Extra resources for Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma
0006 32 Animal Modernity parts of the continent, African hunters had adapted to the opportunities presented by foreign access to the region in order to facilitate harvesting animals and their parts, a trade that was at once a commerce in raw materials and in proto-touristic entertainment. Grounded in small-scale hunting for ivory, meat and ceremonial purposes, elephant killings escalated after 1860 and drew ivory off the continent toward global markets. This foreign demand meant that ivory trading “did a great deal ...
It is for elephants’ general good that they should be greatly sought after and fetch high prices and draw great crowds, and so justify careful feeding, good treatment, and generous keep,” advised The Spectator. ”107 The Spectatorr was one of a number of voices that pointed out how Jumbo was an orphan of the enormous global ivory trade. Booming urbanization concentrated consumers in cities and swiftly developing industrial processes made processing and distribution of animal products quicker and cheaper in the decades Jumbo was on display in London.
Jolly, Jumbo, 70. “Our Law Report of To-Day,” Times of London, March 9, 1882. Baratay and Hardouin-Fugier, Zoo, 104–05, 112. , New Worlds, 47. Baratay and Hardouin-Fugier, Zoo, 104–05, 122–24; Hahn, Tower Menagerie, 194–98. Editorial, London Standard, February 21, 1882. , Historical Animal, 289–306. ”; Giles, “Animal Celebrities”; Molloy, Popular Media and Animals, 44–46. “ ‘Jumbo’ and Barnum,” Reynold’s Newspaper, February 26, 1882. Ibid. Gertrude Cox to P. T. Barnum, quoted in Holder, Ivory King, g 69.