By James Henry Breasted
Round the flip of the final century, James Breasted took at the problem of assembling all of the to be had historic records of historical Egypt and translating them into English. This prodigious project concerned touring to the monuments extant within the Nile valley and in outlying components of Egyptian conquest, in addition to to museums all through Europe the place Egyptian relics have been housed. Breasted made his personal copies of thousands of Egyptian documents inscribed on papyrus or leather-based or carved in stone and engaged in an intensive research of the printed files of Egyptian historical past along with his personal transcription of the records themselves. This five-volume compendium is the end result.
Breasted's huge paintings, initially released from 1906 to 1907, encompasses twenty-six dynasties spanning greater than 3 millennia: from ca. 3050 B.C. to 525 B.C. for every rfile, Breasted presents info at the situation, situation, ancient importance, and content material. starting with the earliest recognized legit annals of Egypt, the Palermo Stone, Breasted catalogs the realm's legitimate actions, together with royal succession, temple building, estate distribution, and international conquest. He tracks the careers of ratings of kings, queens, govt officers, army leaders, strong statesmen, and influential courtiers, reproducing their autobiographies, letters of style, paeans, mortuary presents, and tomb inscriptions. in actual fact annotated for the lay reader, the files supply copious facts of exchange kin, development actions, diplomatic envoys, overseas expeditions, and different features of a lively, hugely equipped and centrally managed society.
Breasted's observation is either carefully documented and available, suffused with a contagious fascination for the occasions, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication those documents point out. A herculean assemblage of fundamental records, lots of that have deteriorated to illegibility within the intervening century, old files of Egypt illuminates either the really good complexity of Egyptian society and the virtually insuperable problems of reconstructing a misplaced civilization.
This first paperback version of historical files of Egypt incorporates a new creation and up-to-date bibliography by way of Peter A. Piccione. environment Breasted's paintings within the context of the improvement of yankee Egyptology, Piccione discusses Breasted's institution of the Oriental Institute of the collage of Chicago, with company help by way of John D. Rockefeller and different benefactors, and surveys the bold physique of courses with which Breasted laid the basis for destiny Egyptian experiences.
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Extra resources for Ancient Records of Egypt: The First Through the Seventeenth Dynasties
Records on the Priestly Mummies . . . Records on the Royal Mummies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TABLE O F CONTENTS . Record of Paynozem 11's Burial . Stela of the "Great Chief of Me. " Sheshonk . . High Priesthood of Pesibkhenno . Records on Mummy-Wrappings . . . Burial of Nesikhonsu . Records on the Royal Mummies . . . THETWENTY-SECONDDYNASTY Records of Nile-Levels at Karnak . . . . . Reign of Sheshonk I Records on Mummy-Bandages of Zeptahefonekh . . .
Tomb Dedication . Reign of Ramses VI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxviii . TABLE O F CONTENTS . . . . Tomb of Penno . Reign of Ramses VII . . . . . . . . Stela of Hori . . . . . Reign of Ramses IX . Inscriptions of the High Priest of Amon. Amenhotep I. Building Inscriptions . . . I1. Records of Rewards . . . . The Records of the Royal Tomb-Robberies . I. Papyrus Abbott . . . . I1. Papyrus Amherst . . . . I11. Turin Fragment . .
28-32) . Enactment Against Stealing Vegetables Under X. . Pretense of Collecting Taxes (11. 32-35) Enactments too Fragmentary for Analysis (11. 35XI. 39) and Right Side (11. I , 2) . . . XII. Narrative of the King's Reforms, Containing Also an Enactment Against Corrupt Judges (11. 3-7) . . . . . XIII. Narrative of the King's Monthly Audiences and . . . Largesses (11. 7-10) . XIV. Laudation of the King, and Conclusion (Left Side) . . . . . Tomb of Neferhotep . . . . Reign of Ramses I .